What is the difference between Melbourne and Melbourne CBD?

Melbourne is a bustling city in Australia that offers a diverse range of experiences for both locals and tourists. One of the key areas within Melbourne is Melbourne CBD, which stands for Central Business District. While both terms are often used interchangeably, there are some notable differences between the two. This article aims to highlight and explain those differences.


Melbourne CBD is the central area of Melbourne, encompassing the central business and commercial districts. It is located within the greater Melbourne metropolitan area, in the state of Victoria. Melbourne, on the other hand, refers to the entire city and its surrounding suburbs. Thus, Melbourne CBD is a specific part of Melbourne.

Size and Population

Melbourne CBD is relatively small in size compared to the rest of Melbourne. It covers an area of approximately 2.92 square kilometers. In contrast, Melbourne is much larger, spreading across an area of around 9,990 square kilometers. As for population, Melbourne CBD is significantly less populous than Melbourne as a whole. The CBD is home to around 16,000 residents, whereas Melbourne has a population of over 5 million people.


Melbourne CBD is primarily a commercial and business hub. It houses many corporate offices, financial institutions, government facilities, and retail spaces. The area is often busy and bustling during weekdays as people commute to work and engage in business activities. In contrast, Melbourne as a whole includes residential areas, recreational spaces, educational institutions, and a wide range of cultural and entertainment venues.

Landmarks and Attractions

Melbourne CBD is known for its iconic landmarks and attractions. Some of the notable landmarks include the Royal Exhibition Building, Federation Square, Flinders Street Station, and the Melbourne Town Hall. The CBD is also famous for its shopping destinations such as Bourke Street Mall and Collins Street. Melbourne as a whole, on the other hand, offers a broader range of attractions including the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne Zoo, and numerous parks and gardens.

What is the difference between Melbourne and Melbourne CBD? Melbourne whole


Melbourne CBD has a well-developed public transportation system, including trains, trams, and buses, making it easy to navigate within the area and connect to other parts of Melbourne. The CBD is known for its free tram zone, where tram travel is free for commuters. Melbourne as a whole also has an extensive public transportation network, allowing residents and visitors to travel conveniently to different suburbs and attractions.

In summary, Melbourne CBD is a central business and commercial district within the city of Melbourne. It is smaller in size, denser in population, and focused on commercial activities. Melbourne, on the other hand, encompasses a larger area, includes residential and recreational areas, and offers a wider range of attractions. Understanding the differences between Melbourne and Melbourne CBD can help visitors make the most of their time in this vibrant and diverse city.

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